OS X Yosemite has become perhaps the biggest upgrade the operating system for the Mac since 2007, when it was introduced Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard, which preserved the general features of interface design in four subsequent releases. 2014 and 10.10 version, presented at WWDC, were critical in the development of a desktop operating system, when there was the same step towards mobile OSes. No, they have not turned into a single operating system for all devices, as punctually appeared rumors. Instead, Apple has decided that, for maximum comfort and usability of the device is enough to use similar principles in the design of interfaces OS X and iOS, as well as adding functions under the general title Continuity, which provide even more closely mobile devices and computers. But let us all in order, because the wording iGuides we had time to test OS X Yosemite and are ready to tell you about the major updates to the first developer build and the changes that users are waiting for this fall.
Installing OS X Yosemite and stability
This year for the first time ordinary users, not developers get access to the beta operating system. You need to apply to the newly opened OS X Beta Program and wait for letters to mail the link to download. The truth of the program participants have not yet got to Yosemite anyone. Most likely, Apple will wait to distribution OSes before the more or less stable assembly to unwary or inexperienced, but curious users will not hurt you install the first beta as the main system.
If you can not wait, now put OS X Yosemite are registered developers through devtsentr and all other forces torrents where the first release came almost immediately after the release. Of course, with a beta version should be more careful, because it normally has significant problems with localization, availability of some new functions, application compatibility, overall stability, as well as information storage in iCloud. The latter is due to the fact that now the operating system uses the new cloud storage iCloud Drive, which does not support the newest versions of mobile and desktop operating systems. It is difficult to say how it will work after release, but now to get access to the files already stored in iCloud will not work as well as it does not turn with devices running iOS 7, OS X Mavericks and older versions of open documents from iCloud Drive. However, despite some problems and difficulties, the beta version of OS X Yosemite works better than the first assembly 8 for iOS developers. Whatever it was, please note that installing OS X Yosemite need a second hard drive, create an additional partition or use a virtual machine. Alternatively, you can put it on a second computer, making sure that there is no important data.
Externally OS X Yosemite changed almost completely and thus could remain the same. Thanks for that you need to tell the tandem of Apple designers and usability specialists. On the one hand the computer screen now abundantly decorated minimalistic icons, panels with transparent textures and simple, on the other - to relearn a computer is not necessary. Probably the only thing that gave me a disadvantage - the union of the zoom button on the application full screen with the green button to resize the window to the "traffic lights" in the left pane. Otherwise everything is familiar, but it looks very cool. For one interface only worth the wait and autumn obeschedostupnogo updates, but it will not be the only reason. Below you will find a huge list of changes that appeared in the first developer build OS X Yosemite.
Notification Center and widgets
The new version of OS X has changed significantly Notification Center. Now it looks like the shutter of iOS, because it contains a tab directly notices, and in addition, a section with useful information and videzhtami. In the second - the user can add a calculator, weather, world time, see there schedule in the calendar. To release Yosemite developers can make third-party widgets to Notification Center can be filled with even more useful information. By the way this function is a special section in Settings.
Spotlight search now appears in the foreground in the center of the desktop and includes the results of the "Wikipedia", "Maps" search Bing, App Store, iTunes Store, iBooks Store, as well as popular sites of news and showtimes. Basic information can be seen from the results of issue, and for details run the application offered. All this makes it a good competitor to third-party applications, such as the popular Alfred. However, for basic functions because if you compare the new Spotlight face to face with third-party tools, winning will still be on the side of the latter.
Habitual iCloud service was an important change. Now it is called iCloud Drive and provides a complete cloud storage, no worse than any Dropbox or Yandex.Disk. However, there is one major difference from competitors, iCloud Drive integrated into iOS and OS X, and the rest - no. Users of computers running Yosemite can access any files stored in the cloud and open them without any restrictions. For example, if still file synchronization occurs only between the same applications, such as mobile versions and desktopnoymi Writer Pro, now the text written in this application, will also be open to Byword, TextEdit or any other text editor.
Another important feature was not announced Apple, but seen developers who are testing the new operating system. It turns out that work with iCloud Drive can any application, not just from the Mac App Store. It is very convenient because the app store on your computer, as opposed to mobile devices is not the only place to buy and download software.
Design standard applications
Many standard applications, such as Contacts, Calendar, Memo, or FaceTime received an updated interface. Now in vogue transparent panels and moderate minimalism, I would even say "stylish simplicity." It's nice that after the change of design, Apple has not changed the so-called «user experience», when users would have to relearn work with familiar programs and utilities. In most cases, the buttons are in place, operating principles remain the same, but the functionality is predictable. Below are a few examples of how applications are now looking at OS X Yosemite.
In the system settings were no significant changes occurred mostly only cosmetic update icons. Something added in accordance with new features, for example, there is a new option in the Universal Access, Basic Settings, iCloud, dictation and speech. For example, by analogy with iOS 8 can now be used to enter text and dictation in Russian without a keyboard. Besides, there are settings extensions that will be installed in the Notification Center, as well as access to family exchange purchases between family members, using a credit card for all purchases and expenses control children.
Mail client similar to other standard programs OS X has an updated design, but it was not his only new feature. In the Mail now easier to edit and send e-mail attachments, for example, in the "Markup" users can easily fill out and sign the form, and add comments to images and PDF-files by a special marker. Another new OS X 10.10 - function Mail Drop, which lets you send large video clips, images and other files up to 5 GB of Mail app on any email address.
One of the most significant changes in OS X 10.10 - updated browser Safari. In Apple decided to change it so that it will have to get used to more than one month. All tools are now arranged in a single row, and Tab Top Site default changed to a new screen with the selected page and frequently visited sites. In addition, the button is added sheringa to quickly share interesting findings in social networks, and also changed the section "tabs", displaying a page, open on other devices.
In Safari, also appeared improved privacy features: separate window in the "private domain" and built-in support DuckDuckGo - search engine that does not track users' actions. Another change - when users enter popular queries, with the results of search engine also appears a new window offers from Spotlight.
Under the hood, the browser also has seen many changes, for example, ￼ Safari supports the latest web standards, including WebGL and SPDY, and thanks to the support of HTML5 Premium Video Extensions users get up to two additional hours watching videos in HD-quality as measured in Netflix.
In Messaging, by analogy with the mobile version for iOS 8, you can now send audio messages. Also, you can now add captions to the current conversation to more easily search, add to the ongoing conversation of new participants and leave conversations in which you no longer want to participate. And besides, there was SMS-message synchronization with mobile devices, it will go about it later.
Still typing voice could only English dictation function now available in Russian. Couple keystrokes «Fn» default activates voice input, which is surprisingly correct. The only thing to consider - for this to work you must enable "Improved dictation" and download a package for offline speech recognition. Do you connect to the network, as it is done in English, will not work.
Integrating Apple ID in
Another change aimed at security - Integration Apple ID in the operating system. Now when you first set your computer, you can enter the account information and password from it will be used as a system. In other words, it must be entered on the lock screen, as well as access to system settings, use some of the commands in Terminal and other actions. Why should it increase safety? Least because Apple requires the installation of complex passwords for your Apple ID and shake three units and other simple combinations, as many do in OS X, will not work. As a result, the computer and the user data will be better protected complex set of at least seven characters in a different case and digits.
Besides cosmetic changes section Airdrop in Finder sidebar also changed its functionality. First, in the bottom of the screen appeared settings receive files, secondly Mac computers can finally communicate with smartphones and tablets running iOS 8. Mobile devices appear on par with computers and can send or receive files, but with restrictions on formats .
Calls and SMS
Probably one of the most simple and logical, but at the same time amazing functions - calls and sending messages to a computer via mobile user. This feature is included in the set of services Continuity, which was highlighted at WWDC 14, and allows you to make and receive calls, write and receive SMS-messages kompyuetra. In this case, the smartphone acts as an intermediary, ie Mac provides access to mobile communications. This is very handy when you do not want to get up from the couch or the table to answer an incoming call or message. Call from your computer via the Contacts application, where people appeared on the cards is a special button, or use the context menu, ie select a phone number in any application, such as the browser and select from the drop down menu call. Note that this is required to enter the Apple ID in the application FaceTime, because the relationship with the smartphone and calls come through it.
Another function of the section Continuity - Handoff, though fully enjoy it until you get it because of the instability beta 8 iOS and OS X. Apple has decided to give users the most convenient opportunity to begin work on one device and continue on another. If your computer is running a mail client where you started to write the message, and then it became necessary to insert the image from a mobile, you can click an icon on your smartphone or tablet to continue working with text in the same place. Insert an image, then we can add a message and send it from your mobile, or to return to work on the computer - will be retained. Similarly, we can deal with texts that you start writing on your phone on the way home, and want to finish on the computer or open a page on a different device from the stored position. What is important, do not need to configure anything, the devices only need to be connected by Bluetooth, and in the basic settings OS X you need to put the checkbox to activate this feature.
Handoff long invent application is not necessary, however, as I have said, the beta version of the software do not work consistently, so that the pairing mode for Bluetooth, which is required to transfer the state does not work properly. To "seamless" switching between devices during operation really was comfortable and pleasure to have to wait autumn.
Instant Hotspot - the third function under the general title Continuity. It allows the owner of a computer running OS X Yosemite use a smartphone running iOS 8 as an access point without entering the password and connect. In other words, while the iPhone is in the bag, you can connect to it without leaving your computer. Interestingly, in the row of wireless connections on the Mac will also show the signal level and charge the smartphone.
As for updates OS X in general, experience using a computer running extremely pleasant Yosemite. Operating system now looks more modern and stylish, there is also a win because of the similarity with iOS 7 and 8, which provides a pleasant switch between devices and interfaces during operation. Probably, this year there was the shock of OS X because as a significant change we have seen a year ago when updating mobile operating system with "six" on "Seven." Be the first OS X, discussion of the changes would be as busy, for sure there would be a lot of haters and modified interface. However, with the WWDC 13 emotions relatively flat interface had to lie down, and iOS 7 installed almost all mobile devices, so that the update OS X with the same design becomes their advantage, rather than a disadvantage. To all other significant changes in functionality, especially the convergence of mobile devices by Continuity, makes use of Yosemite fundamentally different. Especially when it comes about the whole ecosystem of devices Apple. Have to wait for the fall and establish a novelty as the primary operating system.